Despite the Paris Agreement of 2015 it remains apparent that we are still seeing too much emission from thetransport sector, as Road Transportconstitutes 21% of EU emissions. Urban air pollution has resulted in agrowing number of polices at local level, these policies are focused on ensuring good air quality. The policy framework for 2030 is integrated, this is apparent with the implementation of various mobility packages. These include the 2016 clean air packages with the introduction of the Eurovignette,followed by the 2018 mobility package which resulted in the Battery Action Plan. These measures are broad and encompass a variety of elements.
In terms of governance these policies are currently being implemented, there is however a lot to look at and take into consideration, this is not an easy process. For instance, the review of the mobility packages is extensive, as member states are consulted along with stakeholders to ensure their compliance. In terms of the targets set by the CO2 standards, the aim is to reduce emissions from vehicles by 30% by 2030. The benefits also include a balanced and ambitious compromise which is realistic as it gives industries time to comply to these regulations. Moreover, there are also benefits for consumers as they will make significant savings. In terms of non-ETS sectors it is for member states to set their own policies to achieve these targets.
The Action Plan on Batteries aims to develop a competitive as well as sustainable battery value chain in Europe. This would provide potential for Europe to grow in this sector and as a result decrease it’s dependency on the Asian market. This initiative is all about looking beyond what we can achieve and more importantly looking into the long-term strategy. It has been endorsed by the EU parliament however some member states have yet to do so. The new Commission is set to continue implementing these policies. Focusing on the efficiency of vehicles and the Energy Taxation Directive. Thus the integrated approach will remainin place. The new Commission is set to concentrate on alternative fuels to achieve the 2020 CO2 emission standards. It is apparent that there is a need to go beyond the current technology to achieve these targets. As a result, new models and ambitious plans will have to be put in place. This does not simply mean a shift from petrol to electricity but also includes the use of hydrogen.
Finally, the outlook for 2050 must take into account that there will be new technologies, therefore we should look at the future with mobility. For instance, fuel will be mostly based on renewable energies, this does however require a real transformation of the economy. We need concrete policy measures for the future. With the Green Deal at the heart of the new Commission it is clear that coordination among DG CLIMA, DG ENVI and DG GROW will increase. Moreover, Timmermans’ future ‘Climate European Law’ will set into action climate neutrality in the EU. However, it is important to note that a Green Deal in a 100 days will not lay down all the necessary details and as a result runs the risk of being reductionist.
Head of Road Transport Unit, DG CLIMA | European Commission
Alexandre Paquot is currently the Head of the Road Transport Unit in DG CLIMA at the European Commission. He started this role in January 2016 and his unit closely follows fuel and CO2 emissions from vehicles. Before leading the Road Transport Unit, Mr Paquot was the Head of Unit on Monitoring, Reporting & Verification (MRV). In this role he worked to support the evaluation of climate policy. His main responsibilities were domestic and international MRV and governance of the Energy Union. Previously, Mr Paquot served as an Assistant to DG CLIMA’s Director General. Prior to this, he was the team leader on Industrial Emissions within DG ENV. Mr Paquot’s first position within the Commission was in the Waste Management Unit of DG ENV. Prior to his work in the Commission, he has been Head of Unit for Health & Environment in the French Ministry of Environment.